Higher education in India


Education plays a key role in India.  As India is consider as the one of the biggest economy in the world therefore higher education gives India the evident scholars and skilled manpower working in India or abroad and lowering the chance of Illiteracy and poverty. In India the Central Government and the State Government are focusing on the expansion of Higher Education. There were 28 Universities and 578 colleges in 1950. As per the report in 2011, there are 20 central universities and 11 Open Universities whereas rest are state universities but there are few problems faced by higher education.[1]

The quality of education leads to what type of employment do for person get one of the reasons why India’s performance was not in college was due to suboptimal investment. Dr Manmohan Singh in 2005 stated the 21st century will be the knowledge century. He stated that there will be socio-economic transformation and as a result knowledge creation will be there. The higher education with the aim of building gold class 10 universities is also been upgraded by other universities.[2] When the country develops higher education it leads to the competitive education with the other countries not only with the big Nations but also be the small Nations and as there is competition of Higher Education in the world the state and shoes that where is proper quality of education in the existing institutions in India.


India’s higher education system lives on the third largest in the dermis students after China and United States of America. India has much advantage as compared to the China because of English being the primary source of Higher Education. India’s public expenditure 0.6 % which is less than the United States and United Kingdom in China. Most out of public expenditures on the higher educational based on the salaries of existing institutions. The majority of Central Government spending on higher education is given and maintained under University Grants Commission means in terms of development and maintenance. There has only been little money in terms of Research and Technology.

Only few institutions such as Indian Institutes of Technology and Indian Institutes of Management lie in the upmost institutions in India. The entrance in these Institutions is very difficult. Indian Institute of Technology have globally acclaimed for the standard education. There are 8000 students enrolled in Indian Institutes of Technology and with the growth of private and public sector India has failed to Producer University such as Harvard and Cambridge

According to the London Times higher education on the world university rankings there were not even a single University in the top hundred universities in the world. This is mainly because there world class universities in India. Most of the institutions in India that in the research facilities.[3]


With the growth of economy in India faces multiple manpower deficiencies. This should be noted that with the level of Higher Education and manpower development economy of the country will lead to the social economic benefits. They should be public funding to the private funding. Message points for the development projects in the terms of the research should be given. It is not possible for the Public Higher Education System to meet the growing demand for the higher education system. There are many changes required in running higher education systems in India. Positive externalities of public expenditure is also getting replaced by higher education system buy more productive and efficient private partnership

The public education leads to the better earning capacity and comes at low price. The free hand should not be given to the private operators just because private participation reducing the burden on the government budgets and help them to ensure the cost of Higher Education. With the private participation in the higher education sector there are various concerns with the associated like motive of Prophet Degradation of quality restriction on academic economy. The concerns are not always found since privatisation and commercialization are synonyms. Private sector can be raised by the value of money which will lead to the list that the scope of creativity and innovation and this will lead to the winners of government and they have to ensure that the private education should provide the quality education which should be provided.

Private Education most follows strict administrative and financial regulations. Higher education system in India is facing Malaysian change in the recent times in the both quality as social accountability. Weather globalisation increasing the students are trying to achieve their going faster with the better performance and competitions but the problem is that the faculty qualification and the promotion of research. The key to achieve good education is the good governance which specifies the roles and responsibilities in a manner to achieve the quality higher education. It may not only be there condition to receive a high quality of education but it is a message to condition empowers high quality of education.

It is rightly stated the governance of higher education needs to develop a fusion of academic mission and executive capacity, rather than substitute one for another”.[4] The academic autonomy represents freedom from active government control over spending and curriculum decisions which compound Institutions to take timely decisions.


Many of the graduates which belong to the top most institutes in India does not contribute to the technology sector in India whereas the student which belong to these universities to abroad for Advanced Studies and the most of them do not return. According to the study is 86% of students to study Science and Technology degree from United States after India do not come back to their country.

[1] India Country Summary of Higher Education , , http://siteresources.worldbank.org/EDUCATION/Resources/278200-1121703274255/1439264-1193249163062/India_CountrySummary.pdf (last visited Jun 29, 2017).

[2] H I G H E R E D U C A T I O N I N I N D I A, https://web.archive.org/web/20110718071823/http://www.education.nic.in/higedu.asp, India has one of the largest ‘Higher Education System in the world. (last visited Jun 29, 2017).

[3] Rukmini S., ONAL Only 8.15% of Indians are graduates, Census data show (2016), http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/only-815-of-indians-are-graduates-census-data-show/article7496655.ece (last visited Jun 29, 2017).

[4] Oced (2003)

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