Law Dictionary – Legal Words ( S )

sacrifice To make an offering of to deity, especially by presenting on an altar.

sacrificial Offering or offered as an atonement for sin.

sacrilege The act of violating or profaning anything sacred.

sacrilegious Impious.

safeguard To protect.

sagacious Able to discern and distinguish with wise perception.

salacious Having strong sexual desires.

salience The condition of standing out distinctly.

salient Standing out prominently.

saline Constituting or consisting of salt.

salutary Beneficial.

salutation Any form of greeting, hailing, or welcome, whether by word or act.

salutatory The opening oration at the commencement in American colleges.

salvage Any act of saving property.

salvo A salute given by firing all the guns, as at the funeral of an officer.

sanctimonious Making an ostentatious display or hypocritical pretense of holiness or piety.

sanction To approve authoritatively.

sanctity Holiness.

sanguinary Bloody.

sanguine Having the color of blood.

sanguineous Consisting of blood.

sapid Affecting the sense of taste.

sapience Deep wisdom or knowledge.

sapient Possessing wisdom.

sapiential Possessing wisdom.

saponaceous Having the nature or quality of soap.

sarcasm Cutting and reproachful language.

sarcophagus A stone coffin or a chest-like tomb.

sardonic Scornfully or bitterly sarcastic.

satiate To satisfy fully the appetite or desire of.

satire The employment of sarcasm, irony, or keenness of wit in ridiculing vices.

satiric Resembling poetry, in which vice, incapacity ,or corruption is held up to ridicule.

satirize To treat with sarcasm or derisive wit.

satyr A very lascivious person.

savage A wild and uncivilized human being.

savor To perceive by taste or smell.

scabbard The sheath of a sword or similar bladed weapon.

scarcity Insufficiency of supply for needs or ordinary demands.

scholarly Characteristic of an erudite person.

scholastic Pertaining to education or schools.

scintilla The faintest ray.

scintillate To emit or send forth sparks or little flashes of light.

scope A range of action or view.

scoundrel A man without principle.

scribble Hasty, careless writing.

scribe One who writes or is skilled in writing.

script Writing or handwriting of the ordinary cursive form.

Scriptural Pertaining to, contained in, or warranted by the Holy Scriptures.

scruple Doubt or uncertainty regarding a question of moral right or duty.

scrupulous Cautious in action for fear of doing wrong.

scurrilous Grossly indecent or vulgar.

scuttle To sink (a ship) by making holes in the bottom.

scythe A long curved blade for mowing, reaping, etc.

séance A meeting of spirituals for consulting spirits.

sear To burn on the surface.

sebaceous Pertaining to or appearing like fat.

secant Cutting, especially into two parts.

secede To withdraw from union or association, especially from a political or religious body.

secession Voluntary withdrawal from fellowship, especially from political or religious bodies.

seclude To place, keep, or withdraw from the companionship of others.

seclusion Solitude.

secondary Less important or effective than that which is primary.

secondly In the second place in order or succession.

second-rate –  Second in quality, size, rank, importance, etc.

secrecy Concealment.

secretary One who attends to correspondence, keeps records. or does other writing for others.

secretive Having a tendency to conceal.

sedate Even-tempered.

sedentary Involving or requiring much sitting.

sediment Matter that settles to the bottom of a liquid.

sedition Conduct directed against public order and the tranquility of the state.

seditious Promotive of conduct directed against public order and the tranquility of the state.

seduce To entice to surrender chastity.

sedulous Persevering in effort or endeavor.

seer A prophet.

seethe To be violently excited or agitated.

seignior A title of honor or respectful address, equivalent to sir.

seismograph An instrument for recording the phenomena of earthquakes.

seize To catch or take hold of suddenly and forcibly.

selective Having the power of choice.

self-respect Rational self-esteem.

semblance Outward appearance.

semicivilized Half-civilized.

semiconscious Partially conscious.

semiannual Recurring at intervals of six months.

semicircle A half-circle.

seminar Any assemblage of pupils for real research in some specific study under a teacher.

seminary A special school, as of theology or pedagogics.

senile Peculiar to or proceeding from the weakness or infirmity of old age.

sensation A condition of mind resulting from spiritual or inherent feeling.

sense The signification conveyed by some word, phrase, or action.

sensibility Power to perceive or feel.

sensitive Easily affected by outside operations or influences.

sensorium The sensory apparatus.

sensual Pertaining to the body or the physical senses.

sensuous Having a warm appreciation of the beautiful or of the refinements of luxury.

sentence A related group of words containing a subject and a predicate and expressing a complete thought.

sentience Capacity for sensation or sense-perception.

sentient Possessing the power of sense or sense-perception.

sentinel Any guard or watch stationed for protection.

separable Capable of being disjoined or divided.

separate To take apart.

separatist A seceder.

septennial Recurring every seven years.

sepulcher A burial-place.

sequacious Ready to be led.

sequel That which follows in consequence of what has previously happened.

sequence The order in which a number or persons, things, or events follow one another in space or time.

sequent Following in the order of time.

sequester To cause to withdraw or retire, as from society or public life.

sequestrate To confiscate.

sergeant A non-commissioned military officer ranking next above a corporal.

sergeant-at-arms An executive officer in legislative bodies who enforces the orders of the presiding officer.

sergeant-major –  The highest non-commissioned officer in a regiment.

service Any work done for the benefit of another.

serviceable Durable.

servitude Slavery.

severance Separation.

severely Extremely.

sextet A band of six singers or players.

sextuple Multiplied by six.

sheer Absolute.

shiftless Wanting in resource, energy, or executive ability.

shrewd Characterized by skill at understanding and profiting by circumstances.

shriek A sharp, shrill outcry or scream, caused by agony or terror.

shrinkage A contraction of any material into less bulk or dimension.

shrivel To draw or be drawn into wrinkles.

shuffle A mixing or changing the order of things.

sibilance A hissing sound.

sibilant Made with a hissing sound.

sibilate To give a hissing sound to, as in pronouncing the letter s.

sidelong Inclining or tending to one side.

sidereal Pertaining to stars or constellations.

siege A beleaguerment.

significance Importance.

significant Important, especially as pointing something out.

signification The meaning conveyed by language, actions, or signs.

similar Bearing resemblance to one another or to something else.

simile A comparison which directs the mind to the representative object itself.

similitude Similarity.

simplify To make less complex or difficult.

simulate Imitate.

simultaneous Occurring, done, or existing at the same time.

sinecure Any position having emoluments with few or no duties.

singe To burn slightly or superficially.

sinister Evil.

sinuosity The quality of curving in and out.

sinuous Curving in and out.

sinus An opening or cavity.

siren A sea-nymph, described by Homer as dwelling between the island of Circe and Scylla.

sirocco hot winds from Africa.

sisterhood A body of sisters united by some bond of sympathy or by a religious vow.

skeptic One who doubts any statements.

skepticism The entertainment of doubt concerning something.

skiff Usually, a small light boat propelled by oars.

skirmish Desultory fighting between advanced detachments of two armies.

sleight A trick or feat so deftly done that the manner of performance escapes observation.

slight Of a small importance or significance.

slothful Lazy.

sluggard A person habitually lazy or idle.

sociable Inclined to seek company.

socialism A theory of civil polity that aims to secure the reconstruction of society.

socialist One who advocates reconstruction of society by collective ownership of land and capital.

sociology The philosophical study of society.

Sol The sun.

solace Comfort in grief, trouble, or calamity.

solar Pertaining to the sun.

solder A fusible alloy used for joining metallic surfaces or margins.

soldier A person engaged in military service.

solecism Any violation of established rules or customs.

solicitor One who represents a client in court of justice; an attorney.

solicitude Uneasiness of mind occasioned by desire, anxiety, or fear.

soliloquy A monologue.

solstice The time of year when the sun is at its greatest declination.

soluble Capable of being dissolved, as in a fluid.

solvent Having sufficient funds to pay all debts.

somber Gloomy.

somniferous Tending to produce sleep.

somnolence Oppressive drowsiness.

somnolent Sleepy.

sonata An instrumental composition.

sonnet A poem of fourteen decasyllabic or octosyllabiclines expressing two successive phrases.

sonorous Resonant.

soothsayer One who claims to have supernatural insight or foresight.

sophism A false argument understood to be such by the reasoner himself and intentionally used to deceive

sophistical Fallacious.

sophisticate To deprive of simplicity of mind or manner.

sophistry Reasoning sound in appearance only, especially when designedly deceptive.

soprano A woman’s or boy’s voice of high range.

sorcery Witchcraft.

sordid Of degraded character or nature.

souvenir A token of remembrance.

sparse Thinly diffused.

Spartan Exceptionally brave; rigorously severe.

spasmodic Convulsive.

specialize To assume an individual or specific character, or adopt a singular or special course.

specialty An employment limited to one particular line of work.

specie A coin or coins of gold, silver, copper, or other metal.

species A classificatory group of animals or plants subordinate to a genus.

specimen One of a class of persons or things regarded as representative of the class.

specious Plausible.

spectator One who beholds or looks on.

specter Apparition.

spectrum An image formed by rays of light or other radiant energy.

speculate To pursue inquiries and form conjectures.

speculator One who makes an investment that involves a risk of loss, but also a chance of profit.

sphericity The state or condition of being a sphere.

spheroid A body having nearly the form of a sphere.

spherometer An instrument for measuring curvature or radii of spherical surfaces.

spinous Having spines.

spinster A woman who has never been married.

spontaneous Arising from inherent qualities or tendencies without external efficient cause.

sprightly Vivacious.

spurious Not genuine.

squabble To quarrel.

squalid Having a dirty, mean, poverty-stricken appearance.

squatter One who settles on land without permission or right.

stagnant Not flowing: said of water, as in a pool.

stagnate To become dull or inert.

stagnation The condition of not flowing or not changing.

stagy Having a theatrical manner.

staid Of a steady and sober character.

stallion An uncastrated male horse, commonly one kept for breeding.

stanchion A vertical bar, or a pair of bars, used to confine cattle in a stall.

stanza A group of rimed lines, usually forming one of a series of similar divisions in a poem.

statecraft The art of conducting state affairs.

static Pertaining to or designating bodies at rest or forces in equilibrium.

statics The branch of mechanics that treats of the relations that subsist among forces in order.

stationary Not moving.

statistician One who is skilled in collecting and tabulating numerical facts.

statuesque Having the grace, pose, or quietude of a statue.

statuette A figurine.

stature The natural height of an animal body.

statute Any authoritatively declared rule, ordinance, decree, or law.

stealth A concealed manner of acting.

stellar Pertaining to the stars.

steppe One of the extensive plains in Russia and Siberia.

sterling Genuine.

stifle To smother.

stigma A mark of infamy or token of disgrace attaching to a person as the result of evil- doing.

stiletto A small dagger.

stimulant Anything that rouses to activity or to quickened action.

stimulate To rouse to activity or to quickened action.

stimulus Incentive.

stingy Cheap, unwilling to spend money.

stipend A definite amount paid at stated periods in compensation for services or as an allowance.

Stoicism The principles or the practice of the Stoics-being very even tempered in success and failure.

stolid Expressing no power of feeling or perceiving.

strait A narrow passage of water connecting two larger bodies of water.

stratagem Any clever trick or device for obtaining an advantage.

stratum A natural or artificial layer, bed, or thickness of any substance or material.

streamlet Rivulet.

stringency Strictness.

stringent Rigid.

stripling A mere youth.

studious Having or showing devotion to the acquisition of knowledge.

stultify To give an appearance of foolishness to.

stupendous Of prodigious size, bulk, or degree.

stupor Profound lethargy.

suasion The act of persuading.

suave Smooth and pleasant in manner.

subacid Somewhat sharp or biting.

subaquatic Being, formed, or operating under water.

subconscious Being or occurring in the mind, but without attendant consciousness or conscious perception.

subjacent Situated directly underneath.

subjection The act of bringing into a state of submission.

subjugate To conquer.

subliminal Being beneath the threshold of consciousness.

sublingual Situated beneath the tongue.

submarine Existing, done, or operating beneath the surface of the sea.

submerge To place or plunge under water.

submergence The act of submerging.

submersible Capable of being put underwater.

submersion The act of submerging.

submission A yielding to the power or authority of another.

submittal The act of submitting.

subordinate Belonging to an inferior order in a classification.

subsequent Following in time.

subservience The quality, character, or condition of being servilely following another’s behests.

subservient Servilely following another’s behests.

subside To relapse into a state of repose and tranquility.

subsist To be maintained or sustained.

subsistence Sustenance.

substantive Solid.

subtend To extend opposite to.

subterfuge Evasion.

subterranean Situated or occurring below the surface of the earth.

subtle Discriminating.

subtrahend That which is to be subtracted.

subversion An overthrow, as from the foundation.

subvert To bring to ruin.

succeed To accomplish what is attempted or intended.

success A favorable or prosperous course or termination of anything attempted.

successful Having reached a high degree of worldly prosperity.

successor One who or that which takes the place of a predecessor or preceding thing.

succinct Concise.

succulent Juicy.

succumb To cease to resist.

sufferance Toleration.

sufficiency An ample or adequate supply.

suffrage The right or privilege of voting.

suffuse To cover or fill the surface of.

suggestible That can be suggested.

suggestive Stimulating to thought or reflection.

summary An abstract.

sumptuous Rich and costly.

superabundance An excessive amount.

superadd To add in addition to what has been added.

superannuate To become deteriorated or incapacitated by long service.

superb Sumptuously elegant.

supercilious Exhibiting haughty and careless contempt.

superficial Knowing and understanding only the ordinary and the obvious.

superfluity That part of anything that is in excess of what is needed.

superfluous Being more than is needed.

superheat To heat to excess.

superintend To have the charge and direction of, especially of some work or movement.

superintendence Direction and management.

superintendent One who has the charge and direction of, especially of some work or movement.

superlative That which is of the highest possible excellence or eminence.

supernatural Caused miraculously or by the immediate exercise of divine power.

supernumerary Superfluous.

supersede To displace.

supine Lying on the back.

supplant To take the place of.

supple Easily bent.

supplementary Being an addition to.

supplicant One who asks humbly and earnestly.

supplicate To beg.

supposition Conjecture.

suppress To prevent from being disclosed or punished.

suppressible Capable of being suppressed.

suppression A forcible putting or keeping down.

supramundane Supernatural.

surcharge An additional amount charged.

surety Security for payment or performance.

surfeit To feed to fullness or to satiety.

surmise To conjecture.

surmount To overcome by force of will.

surreptitious Clandestine.

surrogate One who or that which is substituted for or appointed to act in place of another.

surround To encircle.

surveyor A land-measurer.

susceptibility A specific capability of feeling or emotion.

susceptible Easily under a specified power or influence.

suspense Uncertainty.

suspension A hanging from a support.

suspicious Inclined to doubt or mistrust.

sustenance Food.

swarthy Having a dark hue, especially a dark or sunburned complexion.

Sybarite A luxurious person.

sycophant A servile flatterer, especially of those in authority or influence.

syllabic Consisting of that which is uttered in a single vocal impulse.

syllabication Division of words into that which is uttered in a single vocal impulse.

syllable That which is uttered in a single vocal impulse.

syllabus Outline of a subject, course, lecture, or treatise.

sylph A slender, graceful young woman or girl.

symmetrical Well-balanced.

symmetry Relative proportion and harmony.

sympathetic Having a fellow-feeling for or like feelings with another or others.

sympathize To share the sentiments or mental states of another.

symphonic Characterized by a harmonious or agreeable mingling of sounds.

symphonious Marked by a harmonious or agreeable mingling of sounds.

symphony A harmonious or agreeable mingling of sounds.

synchronism Simultaneousness.

syndicate An association of individuals united for the prosecution of some enterprise.

syneresis The coalescence of two vowels or syllables, as e’er for ever.

synod An ecclesiastical council.

synonym A word having the same or almost the same meaning as some other.

synopsis A syllabus or summary.

systematic Methodical.

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