Legal Terms ( F )

Face Amount: The original amount stated on the face of the insurance policy as stated in the document without calculating interest.

Fact: Any information, event, or anything that occurred which can be proved in a court of law.

Fair Comment: Fair comment is usually a defense used for a criminal prosecution of libel. It proves that the statement made was based on facts and was not made with dishonorable motives. If he proves that, then he can say that his comment was a fair comment. The US Supreme Court has ruled that even if a statement that is not true is made on a public figure, it will not be libel unless it is proved that the intention was malicious.

False Arrest: Restraining personal liberty without lawful authority is called false arrest. It involves illegal arrest, actual detention, and complete loss of freedom.

False Impersonation of a Citizen: Assuming the identity of a citizen to gain benefit, avoid an expense, or cause harm to a person is called a false impersonation.

Family: Family includes a group of persons related by blood, marriage or adoption, who live together under common household authority.

Family Allowance: Family allowance is an amount determined by law, given to the deceased person’s family members to support the spouse and children during the time it takes to probate the estate.

Family Court: A court that has jurisdiction over family related or domestic matters which include divorce, alimony, adoption, maintenance, child custody etc.

Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA): A law that allows an employee to take unpaid leave during a family member’s serious illness, to take care of a newborn or recover from a serious illness. After the leave, the employer is bound to allow him or her to return to the same job post or equivalent position.

Fault: In the legal sense, fault mostly is synonymous to negligence. It can also mean responsibility for an act or intentional omission that causes damage to another.

Federal Court: Federal courts are courts having jurisdiction over matters of the US Constitution, labor law, federal taxes, federal crimes, etc. These courts derive their power directly from the constitution.

Fee: The general meaning of the term fee is money charged for professional services rendered. It can also mean an inherited or heritable estate in land.

Felony:
A crime of grave nature, unlike a misdemeanor, which has a serious punishment of imprisonment of more than a year and sometimes even death.

Filing: The process of submitting a document to the court’s clerk for the court’s consideration or proving of evidence, etc.

Final Beneficiary: An individual or institution entitled to receive trust property upon the death of a beneficiary. In a family, if the wife is receiving income from the trust left by her husband, the daughter being the final beneficiary receives the principal amount of the trust.

Final Decree: A decree is final when the adjudication in the suit completely disposes off the suit, i.e makes a final judgment in a court case where there is no scope for an appeal.

Final Judgment: When the final decision of the case is put in writing, and where there is no further need or scope of perfecting an order or decision, it is referred to as a final judgment.

Final Settlement: The mutual understanding reached by the parties to resolve a dispute, usually recorded in writing, which they arrive at by compromising and negotiating terms or demands.

Finding: This term covers material questions which arise in a particular case for decision by authority having the case, or the appeal which, being necessary for passing the final order or giving the final decision in the appeal, has been the subject of controversy between the parties.

Finding of Fact: It is the decision which the judge takes on the factual question submitted to it for decision.

First Degree Murder: A murder that was committed by premeditation, or during the course of a serious felony, or by heinous and cruel methods is termed as a first degree murder.

Fixture: An article that has been so annexed or attached to the real estate, that if it is removed it would get damaged, and is regarded as part of the property is called a fixture.

Floating Easement: A floating easement is a right to use another person’s property as an access to use a property connected to the former, but without specifying the manner or limiting the right in any manner.

Forbearance: Refraining to do something that he has a legal right to, voluntarily.

Foreclosure: The legal proceedings initiated by a creditor to regain the collateral for loan, when the loan is in default.

Foreign Divorce: A divorce obtained in the court of a foreign country. The divorce jurisdiction of a foreign court depends solely upon the domicile of the parties.

Foreign Laws: The system of laws prevailing in a geographical area outside the country.

Forensics: When scientific principles and methods are utilized in investigation of crimes for presenting evidence in a court of law.

Foreseeable Risk: It is the anticipated danger that a reasonable person should be able to expect in a given set of circumstances.

Forfeiture:
A loss or deprivation of goods or property in consequence of a crime, offense, breach of contract, or by way of penalty of the transgressions or punishment for an offense.

Forgery: Whoever marks any false document or part of a document, with the intent to cause damage or injury to any other person, or to deceive someone into believing something is real, commits forgery.

Fraud: Deceit, trickery or intentional perversion of truth in order to induce another to part with something of value, or to surrender a legal right.

Fraudulent Transfer: Every transfer of the immovable property made with the intent to defeat or delay the creditors of the transferors is called a fraudulent transfer.

Free Speech Right: The First Amendment of the United States Constitution, which gives the people the right to express their thoughts without censorship or restraint by the government.

Friendly Witness: A witness who is called by you for helping your case and who you do not need to testify is called a friendly witness.

Full Disclosure: Mostly in cases of real estate, it is the act of providing all material information about the property intended to be sold, transferred or leased, which can influence the decision of the buyer.

Full Faith and Credit: A doctrine contained in the US Constitution that requires all states to respect the records, judicial proceedings, and public acts of all other states.

Fundamental Right: Fundamental rights are certain rights conferred by the constitution and are guaranteed to all the citizens. They are binding as directly valid law, and no legislation or government who is in violation of them can have legal force or validity.

 

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