Legal Terms ( P )

Palimony: The term palimony has meaning similar to ‘alimony’, except that award, settlement or agreement arises out of non-marital relationship of couples who lived together for a long period of time, and then terminated their relationship. The deciding factor in such a support is whether there was an agreement that one partner would support the other in return for the second making a home and doing other domestic duties.

Paralegal: A paralegal is a person who performs substantive and procedural legal work as authorized by law, without a law license, which would have been performed by an attorney in the absence of the paralegal.

Parens Patriae: The term Parens Patriae is derived from a Latin word meaning ‘parent of his country’. It’s an inherent jurisdiction of the courts to make decisions regarding people who are unable to look after themselves, like children or incompetent persons.

Parental Consent: Also known as parental involvement or parental notification laws, parental consent is referred to the parent’s right to give consent before their minor child gets engaged in certain activities like body modifications, marrying, education, field trips, etc.

Parricide: It’s an act of killing one’s father, a family member or close relative.

Partial Verdict: According to criminal law, a partial verdict occurs when the jury finds the defendant guilty of one or more, but not all the counts against him. The verdicts may or may not be announced instantly.

Partnership:
It’s an affiliation of two or more people who agree to share in the profits and losses of a business venture. There are different types of partnerships: general partnerships, limited partnerships, and limited liability partnerships.

Patent: An exclusive right granted to an inventor to make, use or sale an invention for a fixed period of time, approximately 17 years from the date the patent was published.

Peace Bond: A commitment by an individual to a court of law, that sets out specific conditions in which he commits himself to keep the peace, good behavior and protect the safety of others or property.

Pedastry: It’s a sexual abuse crime wherein an adult sexually assaults an adolescent. The convict is harshly punished under general child sexual abuse offenses, as it is not treated as a separate crime.

Pendente Lite: The legal term pendente lite means ‘pending the litigation’. It’s a court’s order that lasts until the date of the trial or until the parties to a lawsuit work out a settlement.

Perjury: Also known as forswearing, it’s an intentional act of lying or stating a false oath or affirmation to tell the truth, whether verbally or in writing, pertaining matters material to a judicial proceeding.

Perpetuating Testimony: It’s the recording of evidence, when there’s a fear that the person may soon die or disappear, and the evidence if recorded, could be used to prevent any kind of injustice or to support a future claim of property.

Pillory: A medieval punishment and constraining device made of mobile and adjustable boards through which a prisoner’s head or limbs were pinned.

Plea Bargaining: Negotiations during a criminal trial, between an accused person and a prosecutor in which the accused accords to admit to a crime (quite often a lesser crime than the one set out in the original charge), avoiding the expense of a public trial, in return for which the prosecutor agrees to ask for a more lenient sentence than would have been advocated if the case had of proceeded to full trial.

Pleadings: Written statements of the parties to litigation in which they formally set out the facts and law which support that party’s position. The principal pleadings are the complaint, answer, reply or petition.

Power of Attorney: A power of attorney is an instrument containing an authorization for one to act as the agent on someone else’s behalf in legal or business matters. Also called the letters of attorney, it terminates at some point in the future either by its terms and conditions, or by operation of law like death of the person or agent.

Preamble: The term is particularly applied to an introductory statement, a preliminary explanation of a statute or contract, which summarizes the intention of the legislature in passing the measure.

Precedent: It refers to a prior reported opinion of an appeals court which forms the basis in the future on the same legal questions and facts decided in the prior judgment.

Prima Facie: The term prima facie is derived from a Latin word meaning ‘at first look’ or ‘on its face’. It’s an evidence before trial, which is enough to prove the case unless there’s significant contradictory evidence shown at the trial. A prima facie case has to be presented to the Grand Jury by the prosecution in order to get an indictment.

Privileged Will: It’s a will valid despite the defect of form, made by mariners or soldiers.

Privity of Contract:
A doctrine of contract law that forbids any person from seeking the enforcement of a contract, or suing on its terms, unless they are a party to that contract.

 

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