Legal Terms ( V )

Vacate: A term with various meanings, vacate refers to overruling of court orders or decisions or making it void. Usually, a decision is vacated for any error, if it is substantial enough to affect the verdict.

Vagrancy: Legally speaking, vagrancy is an offense, which refers to a condition of being intentionally unemployed by refusing to work and living idly without any settled home. It may also include loitering, drunkenness, association with criminals and prostitutes, etc.

Venue: The legally proper and convenient place to file a particular case and to conduct its hearing. The laws regarding venue can be different for different states.

Vicarious Liability: The liability of a person for the negligent and criminal action of another person, even though the former is not responsible for the act. This happens when the person liable is responsible for the acts of the person, who does the act. For example, an employer can be held vicariously liable for the actions of an employee.

Void: Something which is not legally binding and is worthless. A statute, which is declared void no longer exists and the same applies to void contracts, legal proceedings, documents, etc. Something which can be made void at the instance of a party or at the happening of some conditions is said to be voidable (which may become void).

Volenti Non Fit Injuria: A Latin term, which literally means, “to one who is willing, no harm is done”. This explains a legal doctrine that a person, who willingly undertakes a dangerous task or puts himself in risky situations, cannot sue for the resulting damages at a later stage.

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