Courts of Judicial Magistrates.—(1) In every district (not being a metropolitan area) there shall
be established as many Courts of Judicial Magistrates of the first class and of the second class, and at such
places, as the State Government may, after consultation with the High Court, by notification, specify:
[Provided that the State Government may, after consultation with the High Court, establish, for any
local area, one or more Special Courts of Judicial Magistrates of the first class or of the second class to try
any particular case or particular class of cases, and where any such Special Court is established, no other
Court of Magistrate in the local area shall have jurisdiction to try any case or class of cases for the trial of
which such Special Court of Judicial Magistrate has been established.]
(2) The presiding officers of such Courts shall be appointed by the High Court.
(3) The High Court may, whenever it appears to it to be expedient or necessary, confer the powers of a Judicial Magistrate of the first class or of the second class on any member of the Judicial Service of the
State, functioning as a Judge in a Civil Court.
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