Lex uno ore omnes alloquitur

Lex uno ore omnes alloquitur

Literal Meaning

The law speaks to all through one mouth.


Meaning of this maxim is that all persons are treated equally under the law. Simply, it refers to the situation where law addresses all with the same mouth or voice.




The freedom of speech under Article 19(1)(a) of Indian constitution includes the right to express one’s views and opinions at any issue through any medium, e.g. by words of mouth, writing, printing, picture, film, movie etc.

Case References

T.M Thaniyarasu v. Commr. of Police, 2014 SCC OnLine Mad 84, (2014) 1 LW 465 (Mad)

Court held that to examine the claim of the petitioner as to the conduct of public meeting in a democratic way, it is obligatory on the part of the 4th respondent to look into the claim as per law, as lex uno ore omnes alloquitur (The law speaks to all with one mouth) and the right of freedom of speech and expression and assembling without any arms, which is guaranteed under Art. 19(1)(a) of the Constitution of India shall not be curtailed at any cost and even the restrictions as enshrined in Art. 19(2) shall be reasonable and shall not transgress legal limits or be arbitrary.

State Of Punjab vs. Sukhpal Singh, 1990 AIR 231, 1989 SCR Supl. (1) 420

In the judgment of this case court mentioned that as a result of these amendments applicable to the State of Punjab and the Union Territory of Chandigarh it is found on the one hand addition to the grounds of detention and on the other, extension of period during which a person could be detained without obtaining the opinion of the Advisory Board. However, no amendment as to the safeguards provided under Article 22 and sections 9, 10 and 11 of the Act. Indeed, there could be no such amendment. Lex uno ore omnes alloguitur (Law addresses all people with one mouth or voice). Quotaiens dubia interpretatio libertatis est secundum  libertatem respondentum erit–Whenever there is  a doubt  between liberty and bondage, the decision must be  in favour of liberty.

Edited by Sree Ramya

Approved & Published – Sakshi Raje